Sitka Tribe of Alaska (STA) is an Indian Reorganization Act Tribal government. Our nine-person Council is composed of individuals elected by the Tribal Citizens. The Council supervises a General Manager hired by and serving at the will of the Council. Prior to 1993, STA operated its basic services programs through Public Law 93-638 Indian Self- Determination Act contracts. Shortly thereafter, the Tribe entered a Self-Governance Compact (authorized by Public Law 100-472) and has since negotiated an annual funding agreement with the U.S. Government for general operations and provision of a variety of programs including employment rights, natural and cultural resource protection, higher and vocational education, domestic violence prevention, social services, and more. STA employs an outside accounting firm to conduct an independent audit of each year’s transactions and holdings.
The community of Sitka is located on Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago in the region of Alaska commonly referred to simply as “Southeast.” Sitka lies in the heart of the Tongass National Forest, the largest temperate rain forest in the world. with no roads connecting it to other communities, access to Sitka is by air or water only. We are 95 air miles southwest of Juneau (Alaska’s capital), and 185 miles northwest of Ketchikan. The City and Borough of Sitka operates five small boat harbors and a seaplane base, while our state-owned airport provides daily jet service and several scheduled air taxis, air charters, and helicopter services.
While an influx of Russian Traders and American colonists in the 18th and 19th century has resulted in a mixed citizenry, the total Tlingit population has now rebounded from the decimation of mid-19th and early 20th century influenza and tuberculosis epidemics. Today Sitka is the fifth largest city in Alaska and STA is Sitka’s Federally Recognized Tribal government with an enrollment of over 4000 tribal citizens, many of whom still live in Sitka, which has a population of 8,773. While the unemployment rate for the city is only 6.6%, for Sitka Tribal members, especially our youth, it is closer to 17%. The Alaska Native dropout rate from high school is 34.9% and Sitka youth are, unfortunately, no exception to these data. While we are utilizing all possible resources to reverse this situation, there is a substantial adult/young adult population needing assistance catching up in school and completing their education. At the same time, a great deal of work needs to be done so that there are jobs for youth and older adults, alike.
Economic issues make this challenging, even in the best of times. The population of Sitka stretches along a fifteen-mile road system. With a cost of living 37.5% higher than the U.S. average, and our higher than general population unemployment levels, providing opportunities with a living wage for our Citizens is critical to our population’s continued survival.